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6th World Congress on Physics

Paris, France

Amlan. K. Roy

Amlan. K. Roy

IISER Kolkata, India

Title: Effect of spatial confinement on the electronic structure of atoms: A density functional formalism

Biography

Biography: Amlan. K. Roy

Abstract

A many-electron system enclosed inside an impenetrable hard spherical cavity introduces many significant changes in the observable properties, such as energy spectrum, transition frequency, transition probability, polarizability, ionization potential, chemical reactivity etc. Thus, recently considerable attention has been paid to study these systems, both theoretically and experimentally. Quantum confinement is encountered in many different physical situations, e.g., atoms under plasma environment, impurities in crystal lattice and semiconductor materials, trapping of atoms/molecules in zeolite cages, quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots etc. This talk presents the development of a density functional theory (DFT)-based method for accurate and reliable treatment of quantum confinement in ground and excited states of atoms. Over the past four decades, DFT has achieved impressive successes in explaining the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and extended systems, and thus remains the favoured choice to probe such systems. However, a satisfactory treatment of excited states has remained a bottleneck, ever since the inception, even though several elegant and attractive formalisms have been proposed with time. In literature, there are reports of various wave-function based approaches (such as HF, CI, Hylleraas, Perturbative, Ritz-variational, POEP) to study atoms under various confining conditions. We adopt a physically motivated non-variational, work-function based exchange potential, along with some approximate local and nonlinear, gradient-corrected correlation functionals, to account for the subtle electron correlation effect. The resulting KS equation has been accurately and efficiently solved by means of a generalized pseudospectral (GPS) method which offers a non-uniform, optimal spatial discretization leading to a symmetric eigenvalue problem. A comparison with literature results reveals that our exchange-only results are as accurate HF method, while with correlation included; these are very competitive to the much more sophisticated and elaborate multi-configurational calculations. A detailed discussion is made on the effect of correlation on confinement. Additionally, some recent results of various information theoretical tools, like Shannon entropy, Renyi entropy, Tsallis entropy, Fisher information, Onicescu energy, etc., in ground and excited states of such systems, would also be presented. To conclude, the present method provides a computationally efficient and accurate scheme to study confined atomic systems within DFT.