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6th World Congress on Physics

Paris, France

Vladimir Koltsov

Vladimir Koltsov

Khlopin Radium Institute, Russian Federation

Title: On resonant properties of nuclear internal electronic conversion

Biography

Biography: Vladimir Koltsov

Abstract

Nuclear internal electronic conversion (NIC) is the transfer of nuclear excitation energy DЕ to atomic electron and formally is described by the same Feynman diagram as the elastic scattering of two free charged particles. But these processes differ from each other by the character of particles interaction with electromagnetic (EM) field. In the elastic scattering the interchange of energy DЕ between particles in general does not fix the frequency w of virtual photons and the scattering amplitude depends on intensity I(w) of zero-point quantum fluctuations of EM field and photons in the scattering region in wide frequency range, and not only at the transition frequency DЕ=hwres. In contrast, as it is shown in the present work, because only the discrete nuclear energy levels are taking part in NIC and always their half-life T1/2>>h/DЕ, NIC probability is proportional to the intensity I(wres) of the EM field modes near resonant frequency wres only. So, NIC is stimulated by EM field as in the same fashion that the transition with γ-quantum radiation and for instance in γ-laser the NIC stimulation would compete with the γ-radiation stimulation. Such resonant character of NIC leads to the suppression of low energy NIC inside metallic matrix because the matrix can suppress zero-point EM fluctuations at resonant frequency wres. By such way can be explained the observed strong suppression of NIC for nuclear isomers 235mU (DЕ=76 eV), 154mEu (DЕ=910 eV) and 99mTc (DЕ=2.17 keV) inside metallic matrixes.